Olive Bonsai care

The olive is a tree commonly 
found in Mediterranean countries,   Where it has a long cultivation 
tradition and symbolic importance.  Wild olive trees, called oleaster, are smaller 
than cultivars. The leaves are silvery-grey.   The olive tree grows very slowly but can become 
several hundred or even a thousand years old.  So how do you care for your Olive?  The olive bonsai needs a place with full sun 
which also helps to reduce the size of the leaves.   It can withstand temperatures slightly below 32° F (or 0° C) but must be protected from stronger frost.   It is best to place the olive tree in a 
cold greenhouse which is kept frost-free. Water the olive bonsai generously whenever 
the soil gets dry but avoid constant wetness.   Normal tap water of good quality 
is just fine for the olive tree. Apply solid organic fertilizer every four weeks   Or use a liquid fertilizer every 
week during the growing season. Strong pruning, if necessary, 
should be done in late winter.  The olive will respond with vigorous growth in 
the following spring. It can also bud from old wood. When the new shoots grow too long, 
cut back to one or two pairs of leaves. Very healthy specimens can also be defoliated 
in order to promote a fine ramification.   Younger branches and new shoots 
can be wired at any time.   Old branches are stiff and brittle and hard 
to bend. Guy-wires can be a good alternative. Repot in spring before the buds begin to swell, every two or 
three years and remove about a third of the roots.   Old trees can be repotted at longer intervals.   Use a well draining soil mix with a 
slightly alkaline pH value (7 – 8). The olive can be propagated 
from seeds and cuttings. Vigorous olive trees are hardly 
attacked by pests and diseases.   If the olive is kept too warm in winter, 
scale or mealy bugs can be found.   Then try to provide better conditions 
and use a specific pesticide. Learn how to create your own Bonsai trees, By enrolling in one of our online Bonsai courses. We explain techniques like pruning, wiring and repotting. And you can ask questions to the teachers. For the curriculums and free lessons, go to:
bonsaiempire.com/courses

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