Shohin Juniper Bonsai from Cuttings, Part 2 | Bonsai-U

Shohin Juniper Bonsai from Cuttings, Part 2 | Bonsai-U


Okay so this is the seven or eight year old cutting that was made in exactly the same way as that last tree that we just looked at but this obviously is further along in the process here now you’ll notice that the trunk has thickened significantly over the course of those seven or eight years this tree should have been up potted into a slightly larger colander or net pot or air pot like we were talking about earlier but it was not so it’s actually very very compacted in this pot right here it hasn’t been potted in probably four years maybe five years which is a little bit too long but there’s nothing to do about at this point so we’re gonna be working with this tree as is but if we had potted it up in a little bit better pot like that air Potter net pot the trunk would actually probably be slightly thicker than it is even in this video right here so just keep that in mind by the time you get to about that fourth year so it’s a good idea to go ahead and put it into a slightly larger colander so that you get more rapid growth on the tree now one thing to keep in mind when you do that though you don’t want to put it in too large of a pot because then it becomes a problem shrinking the root system back down small enough to put it in the proper size show Hien container so there is a limit to that now the first thing we’re going to do with this tree is remove unnecessary branches so you’ll notice here we’ve got a lot of motion to movement in the trunk down here from all different directions very very interesting but we’ve got three very straight branches on the tree all on this side of the plant we’ve got this one down load this one in the center and this one up here at the top which is actually the original apex of the tree or the current apex of the tree so I’m gonna go through and remove those to begin with we’re actually going to turn these into small gin features on the tree so a gin or Dean if you want to say it correctly in Japanese is a deadwood branch will remove the foliage will remove the outer layer of bark will remove the under layer of phloem cambium all the way back down to the hardwood or the xylem underneath so I’m going to do that on both of these branches are all three of these branches first and then we’ll take a look at the remaining branches on the tree and figure out if there’s anything else we want to turn into a Jim so to get this process started we’re going to use the scissors here start at the base on each of these branches and remove a lot of this foliage to the interior here just so we can see those branches a little bit better here now if this were the right time of year we could actually save a lot of this foliage that we’re getting ready to cut off and use it as cutting or take cuttings with it and propagate this tree but since we’re in December right now any cuttings that we take really probably are very unlikely to survive so I’m not going to worry about doing that we’re just going to remove these completely here now when you’re creating gin or Deadwood branches on any conifer whether that’s you know a Juniper like this or a pine or a spruce or anything you want to make sure to make them long to begin with and then you can always shorten them back if they don’t fit in the final design or if they look out of place in the final design you have that option to remove them at that point so we’re gonna leave all of these pretty significantly long here perhaps we’ll even twist them up with a little bit of wire to make them more interesting and incorporate them into that final show keen design alright so out to about there I remove the foliage I’m gonna go ahead and cut the rest of this off it’s not very interesting beyond there it’s getting a little bit too long so we’re going to cut that off set that aside we’re going to do the same thing with these last two here and it looks like now that I’m actually looking at this there’s another very thick branch on this side of the tree here as well that I don’t think it’s gonna be very interesting as a branch to utilize in the design so I’m gonna remove the foliage on it as well and we’ll turn that one into a gin feature too so when you’re deciding which branches should be turned into gins and which ones should be utilized in the design well when you’re building a show hand size tree what we’re really trying to do is cut back to the softest growth that we have available on the tree and build nice compact soft branching on the plant that’s sustainable over the long run as I mentioned earlier these trees are very difficult to create because they grow they thick and they elongate over time so if we’re cutting back to heavy branches and trying to manipulate those as part of the design of the show hand size tree you’re gonna have a very hard time creating it as a show here to begin with and then even more difficult time maintaining it at that size for an extended time so branches that are this thick these are both you know pinky size diameter maybe pointer finger index finger size diameter there’s gonna be way too big to try to manipulate and use as part of the design at least in terms of keeping them as live branches on the tray so it makes much more sense to turn them into Jin features on the tree what we’re really looking to do is cut back to very soft grouse like this that’s manipulable so we can actually position in the right spot now perhaps some of those branches that are alive that we’re leaving as live branches on the tree eventually will thicken over time and we won’t be able to utilize them in the design at that point we can either remove them or we can turn those also into Jin features on the tree all right so that’s three of the four branches we’re gonna remove now we’re gonna remove the apex up here or the foliage on the apex and shrink the height of the tree back down now we got to be strategic about what we’re cutting back to in terms of what’s going to become the new apex on the tree because again like I said we want to keep this at or below that 20 centimeter mark the 8 inch mark so eight inches just as a general rule of thumb is going to be about this length on your finger obviously the bigger your hand the longer that space is going to be but as a general rule of thumb this gives you a decent setup in terms of understanding what is about 20 centimeters or 8 inches so I want to make the tree at or below about that mark so something somewhere in this general area right here we have this branch that’s pretty flexible this one here that’s flexible and this one coming from the rear that are all flexible that we can potentially utilize as the apex of the tree so I want to make sure to keep those intact for now and we’re only going to strip off what’s beyond those branches there okay so before we strip any of these gins back and remove that bark and the phloem in the cambium back down to the xylem the hardwood underneath what I want to do is go through and clean out the rest of the tree so that we can see the structure of it better this may dictate if we turn other branches into gins or if we want to change the angle or or whatnot it’ll also help allow us to apply the wire a little bit more easily when we get into that stage of this process so in terms of what I’m going to clean off of this tree I’m gonna remove the undersides of a majority of these branches here so this foliage is kind of dangling off the bottom we can either remove it with scissors or we can pull it off by hand but again it’s not technically pinching because I’m removing the foliage completely all the way back to the hardwood or the semi hardwood chute but I do want to get that out of there so we can see the structure a bit better and apply it the wire more easily I’m also going to remove crotch growth on the branches so we’re trying to create kind of a bifurcating or split branch structure so it splits split split split split so on and so forth so in order to do that we need to remove any crotch growth so that little fuzz that’s growing in between the bifurcations of our branches further back in we’re going to remove that growth as well and of course I’m going to remove any tiny tiny little branches or little pieces of foliage that are emerging directly from the trunk so we can see the trunk line a little bit better now there are always exceptions to removing crotch growth on trees so for example if you’ve got a very long branch and you’ve got nothing on the interior but only the foliage on the end so a little tough to foliage at the end of that branch you might consider leaving that crotch growth to cut back to at some point in the future development of the tree but as a general rule of thumb that crotch growth needs to come off the plant okay so this is what I wanted the tree to look like here before we move on to the next step in the styling process you can see all of the main branches have been exposed we’ve cleaned the undersides of those cleaned out the crotch growth but I want you guys to also notice that I’ve kept a lot of that lateral growth here that’s closer to the trunk on our main branches these are going to be very important in the long run because again this is going to elongate over time but we’re going to need to have something to cut back to so these are very very important so don’t just strip everything that’s close to the trunk only take off the underside stuff and these stuff that’s coming directly out of the crotches of the branches now the next step in the process here is going to be to strip all of the former live tissue here on all of these straight branches and we’ll see what we want to keep in terms of length or if we want to add some motion to those but we need to get that old live tissue off of there first so the best way to do this is to take the gin plier hear the name gin plier obviously implies what you’re going to be using it for what we’re gonna do here is actually crush all of this old live tissue here from the tip of the branch back it seems to be a little bit easier to peel away if you do this from the end of the branch back towards the interior here okay so this is what we want the tree to look like once we’ve stripped back all of the tissue on those gins as you can see they’re very bright very in-your-face very long very straight so as I mentioned earlier we’re gonna be adding some wire to some of these manipulating them into position to add some more emotion and interest to them and perhaps shortening all of them or some of them so we’ll see what happens as we get further into the design but before we do that what I want to do next is work on the shaadi which is essentially the Deadwood on the trunk now junipers are really interesting because they’ll produce in nature a vein-like appearance so a live vein that’s running up the trunk twisting all around feeding the foliage at the top and that’s contrasted against the deadwood that naturally occurs based on the elements beating the tree back we can recreate something similar to that effect with field grown or container grown material like this now in order to do this we need to identify the twist the original twists and turns in the trunk and then figure out if any of these branches that we’ve just killed off are attached in any areas where we can actually add a Shari that connects into those because typically when a branch dies in nature on a Juniper wherever that branch is attached on the trunk below that it will start to die back that’s where the origination of the Shari on the trunk will really begin is right at the base of those dead branches so all of these gins that we just created that’ll be really a good spot to start tracing back the lines in the motion in the twist that were originally put in the tree and then we’ll add in some Shari so I’m gonna bring the camera a little bit closer we’re gonna focus in on the tree and I’ll point out exactly what I mean okay so if you take a look at the trunk here there’s a lot of interest from this side where you’re viewing it here there’s a lot of motion and movement nice taper there are branches on both the left and right side of the tree some towards the back as well which will give us nice depth to the plant now if we flip the tree around to the other side you’ve got a similar situation really nice wide base really cool movement and a lot of branching on here now the issue with the branching on this side of the tree is that we have a lot of branches actually coming directly straight out towards you those are gonna be very difficult to manipulate around and put into position so I’m actually thinking that we’re probably gonna make the front of the tree from this side right here that way we have a lot of depth back here and it’s just gonna be an easier build and still look just as cool from this side now again the issue here is we’ve got these very large gins here that are coming right directly out at us so again we are going to shorten those or manipulate those but again before we do that what I want to do is figure out if we can add some Shari in to the trunk here to make it more interesting so let’s start at the very base of the tree here if you view the base it may be a little difficult to tell in the video but the trunk actually comes up from here this is the original base of the tree it comes up twists back down to this branch it’s emanating from the base of that curve then it twists back in and around on itself and that’s where you get the secondary twists further up the trunk so what we can do here is actually trace back from this branch here and add a little bit of a Shari into the trunk here that’s going to accentuate the curvature of the base of the tree here when viewed from the front so in order to do this what I’m going to use is just a standard box cutter so a razor blade like this right here and I’m actually just going to trace out what I think is an interesting line through here the trunk is entirely alive at this point so we do have a little bit of leeway in terms of where we add that Shari in but again I want to start at this particular chin here we’re gonna work our way back from there now if you’re not really sure where the shark should go if you’re not really sure what’s gonna look asthetically pleasing you can take a sharpie or some chalk for example and draw that line out and then cut out on both sides of that line and peel the tissue out in between but keep in mind when you’re building an initial Shari on a tree like this we want to keep that Shari or the width of that Shari relatively conservative so the diameter of the trunk here is about an inch and a half or so so the Shari I only want to make it about an eighth of an inch maybe up to a quarter of an inch wide the reason I want to do that is because if I were to make this Shari very very wide here say like half an inch for example or three quarters of an inch yeah it might look cool it might look interesting and powerful but in the long run it’s just gonna be a big flat piece of dead wood whereas if I make the Shari very narrow so let’s say about an eighth of an inch to a quarter of an inch what we’re gonna get is a Callison on both sides of that Shari line where I make the initial cuts wherever that Calais heals over when we go back and open that Shari up a little bit further say in a year or two years from now wherever that initial Calais was there’s going to be a striation there underneath that so it’s going to give us a very natural look if we do it year after year after year so if we start small little Calais will open it up wider it’ll Calais again will open it up a little wider it’ll Calais again and each time you get that really cool striated look to the tree so I’m gonna go in here I’m going to add that into this area and I’ll show you what that looks like I’m gonna flip it around for you here in just a second I’m not sure if you can see this here but as I push the knife into the trunk here going deep enough to get all the way down to the hardwood underneath that’s the xylem underneath the cambium now we want to make sure that we make the lines on both sides of the Shari here very sharp so that next year it really Calais is over and we can start building that striated look here so as I do this I’m going to now pop out the tissue on the interior here between both of those cuts that I made on either side you can see it starts to peel away here the extra careful we don’t want this to go outside of the bounds of those cuts that I just made now if you’re having trouble getting that knife in there to pop it out you can use a specialty tool like this this is just a little dental pick we can pop that tissue out in between you can also use specialty tools like this right here it’s a little scraping tool to get some of that excess tissue out of the way now as you’re doing this you’ll notice that this is all very white tissue right here that’s still a layer of the cambium on here that I’m trying to get off of there and actually some phloem on there as well I want to get all of that white fuzz off of there down to the sort of yellowy color hardwood or xylem underneath all right so that gives us our initial Shari right at the base of the tree now you notice I wasn’t able to get all of that fuzz that white tissue off of there that will fall off over time but as long as the edges on both sides of the Shari are nice and sharp that will start to callus almost immediately which is what we want so now that we’ve got that out of the way we can start to work our way up the trunk and what I’m gonna do is again I’m gonna go up to the upper areas of the trunk here where we’ve already got gin features that we just created and we’re gonna work back from there so the next gin up on the trunk here is this guy right in the center here so if you notice here we’ve got the initial Bend coming up down and around it comes around the backside and actually wraps up underneath and continues around and connects up to this gin right here so what I’m going to do is start at the top here with this gin and work my way back down following those lines and essentially attach it to this gin down here at the base it’s gonna be pretty cool I think alright so that takes care of this Shari right through here now flip it back around to the front here we’re gonna continue this line up around the front here now in this area it actually doesn’t twist anymore it just moves back and forth essentially until we get up to the top of the tree so I’m going to take this Shari line along the front side up and around and then we’ll cap it out somewhere in this area basically up and around where this last little gin is at the top of the tree alright so you can see now that I’ve added the Shari all the way up the trunk that there’s a lot more interest now on this side of the tree then we flip the tree around so you can see from the other side here the only Shari that’s visible from this side is this piece right through here I didn’t want to add too much to both sides of the tree in other words I didn’t want to spiral the Shari all the way up to the top of the tree just because that can be detrimental to the health of the tree so in the future we’ll be adding a little more Shari up and around on the back side towards the top here so we can really start to get that interesting live vein versus dead wood effect but for the time being that is as extreme as I want to go now again we’re going to have to address these gems so what I want to do here is actually add some wire to these guys but I think there’s one in particular that I know for sure is just gonna be too long even if we do wire it and move it into place and that’s this guy right in the middle here this thing is just in a ridiculous spot and I think it’s gonna be very distracting to have that coming out of the front of the tree so I’m going to go ahead and shorten this one way down somewhere down in here we may leave it a little bit longer to start with and add slight motion to it and maybe shorten it back further beyond that once we set the branches but in order to do this what I’m going to do is just grab this branch right about here use the gin pliers here and we’re just gonna crack this thing and pop it off use some scissors here to shorten this back break up this tissue a little bit like so and then we can peel that back now the ends of all of these gins here I want to make sure that those look pretty natural so I’m gonna feather this tissue back and try to create either a tapered end or a gnarly kind of broken up in so it gives it a much more natural appearance a cool thing here too is I can actually pull these fibers further down into the Shari that we’ve already created that also adds a bit of naturalness to each of those elements to I’d be extra-careful at the base here not to go too far because I don’t want to rip it and tear into the live tissue either so we’ll cut this back just to stop it right there all right so that takes care of that issue coming directly out at us now let’s address this guy on the bottom here I think we could actually probably take this gin right here and bend it down in this direction significantly so it flows with the overall directionality of the tree so I’m gonna leave that guy alone for the time being now the gin up here at the top that’s another one that I think we can add some interesting motion and movement to so I’m going to leave it slightly long for the time being but again I’m going to break back the ends just to give us a little bit more of a natural appearance here and I want more variation in the lengths of both of these we don’t want them to be the same length it just gives it kind of a horn kind of look which is not an ideal situation here to draw your eye too much to that area of the tree which is not really necessarily that interesting at least not relative to the trunk and a movement lower in the tree okay that looks pretty good right there alright so the next step here is going to be to apply wire to the remaining branches now again as I mentioned earlier in the tutorial I’ve kept essentially only soft branching on the tree with the exception of the apex up here I want to create kind of a continual line all the way to the top that caps out somewhere around here so this is actually going to be whipped around and manipulated in a way where what is the top of the tree this branch right here will actually become a lateral branch off to the side and all of this smaller growth on the interior in the long run will become the new apex on the tree so I’ll show you what that looks like once we get up into that area but for starters we’re going to start at the bottom of the tree and work our way up so I’m going to get a wire on this gin to begin with right here so that we can manipulate it down into place what we’re gonna do here is similar to what we did on the small whip at the beginning of this tutorial we’ll actually going to take a thick wire so in this case a size 10 wire here and I’m gonna stick it into the soil so that I can get a nice anchor there and we’re gonna take this down out onto that Jim so in the case of this gin right here since this is the front of the tree I want to whip this down and around off to the side here so the wire in this case is gonna have to go clockwise to make that happen so I’m going to stick it into the soil here right at the base we’re gonna take this up and around and we’re gonna go clockwise with this I’m gonna double up with this extra wire that I’ve got just to give us some better holding power here okay and now we can manipulate this down and off to the side here now as I’m bending this I’m actually twisting the branch as I go so it doesn’t snap in half this works well for Deadwood and for live branches if you need to bend a heavy branch if you twist it it ends up distributing the energy down the length of that branch rather than creating just a compression side and a tensile or stretch side on the outside which is likely to snap at some point if you twist it as you go that energy gets distributed and you can bend a branch much further that way that’s they gives us a cool effect here now if you’re creating Deadwood on a tree like this where it’s a live branch you remove the tissue and then you put wire on it go ahead and bend it instantly or immediately after you do that part of the process that way it will actually Bend for you because as soon as it dries out within a couple of weeks it’s gonna be nearly impossible to do this kind of Bend to it now it did tear in a couple of places but that’s not that big a deal as it dries out it will lock itself into place and eventually we can take this wire off and that will essentially stay where it is now this gin being at the base of the tree here it’s very likely this is gonna rot off over time anyway just because it’s being watered right down here at the base so this may not be a long-term feature and really in the end when we place the branches it might look out a place and weird anyway so we might cut it off like I said before we always have that option so now that we’ve got that out of the way let’s move up into the middle of the tree right here we’re going to be wiring these branches so I’m going to use a size 12 for these guys that should be plenty to hold these into place and since this is the front of the tree right here I want to apply the wire from the rear of the plant so it doesn’t look messy from the front so we’re going to come across the back side and why are these two guys out right here all right now that I’ve got that on we’ve got this branch to the rear that still needs wire and the end of this branch the original wire didn’t go far enough out which is actually done on purpose here so that I can then anchor this out to the end this will serve as that anchor for this branch and the tip of this one so in this case we’re going to be using the same size wire to hold this in place it might be a little thick for this but I’d rather have it be one size too big to hold it into place and be too small and have it flop all right so let’s work our way up into the middle portion of the tree here we’ve got this branch right here and this one are both about the same diameter so we should be able to attach those two together now this branch right here is actually emanating from the backside of the tree coming up and over the top not really that big a deal particularly a building show Hien trees we’re going to be able to manipulate this back down and around to really give us some depth towards the rear but knowing that I want to make sure that this wire on this branch goes on clockwise as well because it’s going to be pulled down in this direction I want that wire to tighten as we go and we’re going to be using that same size 12 on this to be able to hold the branch into place all right and then the last couple of branches here we’re going to be wiring together our these two so our last slot of our branch at the top and what will be our apex and then we’re gonna throw a little bit of wire on the two gins here to be able to manipulate those then we’ll place the branches okay so as you can see all of the branches and the gins have been wired at this point so now what I’m going to do is just set them into place now the first directional branch over here on the left side of the tree already has an unbelievably cool amount of movement to it so I’m not really going to manipulate that one too much it’s just going to drop down essentially as kind of like a semi cascade type tree so what I’m going to do here with the last section of the branches just try to mimic the movement in the first part of the branch so it’s continuous throughout then the remaining branches on the tree here we’re going to try to mimic this first branch I want to consistent amount of movement for the most part in all of those branches so we’re going to add quite a bit of movement to a lot of these here as I’m doing this here if anything starts to droop off the bottom I will remove that foliage just like we did at the beginning of this process when cleaning the undersides of the branches as I start to twist and drop these down there will be things that dip a little bit too far out of the desired profile so I’m removing those by hand once again alright so that gets our first branch into place here it’s kind of intertwined and plays with the deadwood that we’ve created down here they mimic one another this creates kind of a picture frame around that which i think is pretty cool so it’s looking like we’re probably gonna keep this for the time being so the next thing is gonna be to drop this back branch down which again I already have some pretty interesting movement to it we’re just going to drop this down towards the rear here to give us some depth now I want to be able to see this essentially from both sides when you view it from the front so I want a little bit peeking around the right side of the tree here and a little bit peeking around to the left side of the tree on the other side all right now the counter balance branch here on the right side of the tree this needs to be pushed in significantly I don’t want it to be equal to on both sides in other words I don’t want the branch on this side to be as long as the branch on this side because the tree is moving to the left everything on the opposite side of that to everything on the left side of the tree needs to be a little bit tighter closer more compact towards the trunk say I really moves in the intended direction that I want your eye to move so we’re going to shorten this by adding motion side to side and up and down so specifically right out of the trunk here if we take it towards the rear first and then back around towards the front that gives you your first little bit of shortening there and then we’ll add some upward and downward motion here to take care of the rest all right now that we’ve done that some of this growth that’s coming up out of the top of this branch is sticking up a little too far it’s in a weird spot now so we can go ahead and remove that okay and I’m gonna fill this next layer in with this little guy right here and then we’re gonna come over to the other side add a little more motion here this branch is gonna be way too long here outside of the profile I can already tell that so once I place it we’re gonna cut this one back significantly here so it really fits in the right spot okay so let’s take this guy again towards the back first then up and down side to side that looks pretty good but again this is a little bit too long so we’re gonna shorten this back to here for now and we may take it back even further once we do the final touch-ups on the tree okay so now we’re at the apex of the tree here we’ve got this branch so we’re going to dip down over here that’s pretty obvious this that I mentioned earlier this is going to be the apex so essentially this stuff right here will actually become the apex but this out at the end here will end up being a lateral branch on this side of the tree I’m gonna loop-d-loop it around and then this branch we need some more depth over here so this is actually going to be whipped around like I said before this is gonna be wired clockwise which it was we’re gonna whip around to the back to give us some depth on this side right here so I’m actually going to set that one first just to get it out of the way okay and now we’ll set this one and then we’ll whip the apex around here right and now for the apex all right so that is the final design for this initial styling of this show he and Paco juniper so I’m gonna put this up against the white backdrop so you guys can see exactly what it looks like with all of the branches in the right spot and the gin and Shari place now and we’ll come back and discuss this right at the very end [Music] so I hope you guys enjoyed this episode of bones hi you and that you understand a bit more about the process of building show hinge in Baku juniper Bones I will be doing a follow-up episode on this tree as it gets repotted in an actual bonsai container and as it develops over the next few years so be on the lookout for that I want to thank you guys so much for your support if you really like what we do here make sure that you like and subscribe down below and click that little Bell button next to the subscribe button that will make sure that you get notifications when we put up a new bonsai you video and if you really really want to support us you can head over to my website I will put a link in the description down below where you can donate to bonsai you going forward to help support this platform going into the future until the next video though take care and thank you guys so much for checking out this episode [Music] you [Music]

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