Creating Dawn Redwood Bonsai – Part 2

In this video I take a large Dawn Redwood repot, prune and shape it.

So there we go that’s the big tree and there’s tebow in the background and we’re going to complete the project right i will just show you how we’re going to pop this up but before we do this if we come closer i can show you where we cut the tree to make the leader as i said to you i’ve made about five layerings from this great big tree over the last 15 years or so and it has literally about triple or quadrupled in trunk size so look at that lovely flaky bark this is typical of the redwoods all redwoods behave like this so this is where we’ve cut so this is the original stem or the trunk that was cut and the new leader was growing from there so if we turn the tree around and i’ll show you the front because we don’t want to show the cut for the front so the front is going to be here and uh the branches are quite well spaced that is a bit odd i’m going to get rid of this so the neighbor is not too bad there and i will just wire the branches gently downwards and looking at pots i know this would fit comfortably but i don’t think it looks quite right and because dawn redwoods had such vigorous roots even if i were to tease some of the roots out and put it in a shallow pot i’ve got two possible pots one is this one which i think this may be a bit small but if we bring the other one steve can you have a look at the other one this is a bit small i think this may be better so we only need to take a little bit of soil off and in fact if we do this now if you just hold on a minute so here i am mixing fine bark this is pine bark bark is very nice because it opens the texture of the soil there’s already quite a lot of grit and stones in this so this is perfectly acceptable so look at it beautiful rich soil so we will just fill it in here and then let’s see how it goes let’s see okay hold it up well let’s throw some hand closure i think if we get ready to tie the tree in and can you just tie those in for me please steve you crisscross the wire and at some later stages we find that the neighbor is better there we might take the nebari bit lower but for now we leave those top roots this is a micro pot by the way i’m a great believer of micro pots i’m not getting a commission from the company but they are unbreakable and for large pots ceramic pots are not just expensive but they’re very easy to break because these heavy trees when you lift it if you suddenly hit it against something they can chip and break so increasingly i’ve been using these large microphones and from a distance you couldn’t really tell whether it’s ceramic or micro so if i get stiff to just fill the pot on the other side [Applause] okay it’s quite a large tree as you can see it’s every bit four foot tall and although the branches are springing up a little bit i’m going to just wire them a little bit down so i will just do very minor wiring and i will show you the tree again i know people who live in louisiana in the united states they have this beautiful swamp cyprus which is very similar but i think that dawn redwood has got prettier foliage much nicer foliage but it’s the same character tree and most of them because they grow straight and tall which is the natural habit of the tree they look very nice like this so that’s all i will do i will do a little bit of wiring and then it will be finished i’m going to get steve to prepare the pot while i tease some of the roots we can do both things at the same time now these funny white roots this is the convolvance but because we have such a lot of weeds on the nursery there are always weeds creeping into the soil and because we are growing nursery can’t help it i’m not worried about it we can deal with weeds what i’m going to be careful about is not to cut too much root because as i said this is right in the middle of summer today is the 26th of july and because it’s in the middle of summer as long as i don’t cut the roots but just rearrange the roots i shall be able to get away with it and swam cypress there’s such vigorous trees that we are not fussy about the soil this is an ordinary garden soil i haven’t grown it in any special bonsai complex so this would spread to all these theories about using special quantized salt let’s face it in the old days ponza has been going several thousands of years i don’t believe the ancient chinese or the ancient japanese or about 1000 years ago would have used special soils so i think you can be a bit too fussy about these things i know they grow better but if it came down to the crunch you find that you probably don’t need it some of these very thick roots i can cut you all one off because it may make the potting a bit difficult stand too proud of the pot this tree by the way was never grown in the ground it was just transferred from pot to pot always in bigger and bigger pots and because dawn redwood is such a vigorous tree they are not really fussy about growing in the ground or the pot in fact if you grow in the ground it might have become too big can you kindly hold this tree like this church a little more just like the branches i may have to cut off some of these very very thick roots that’s all i’ve taken off not much you can see some very very thick roots which is probably the top root let’s see how it fits in the bottom we may have to take it off again i’m just going to bring the local ones through tested feet away okay okay take it off let me turn it on the side and let’s see how much this way this is oh control versus there are such a lot of fine roots that if we take the thick root salt i think that shouldn’t affect the tree just a bit of the tap wood look at that technique over there then come closer and have a look see look at this you can still take more off this long handle upper is an absolute bone without it you know you would have to use a saw and that would blunt the saw okay can you turn it around that twisty so i can get a root so those are the roots we cut off [Music] okay i’m still all right there’s such a lot of fine roots i’m not worried in the least okay can you try it in the pot now steve this yeah i think we should get away with that so i’m going to use a lot of the original soil because if it’s growing well in the original soil although this is garden soil garden mud all i’ll do is add a little bark to it so i’m going to get some bark and mix it in there so let me recap we’ve now put this tree in this lovely large micro pot that micropot must be every bit 60 centimeter in length it’s a huge pot and of course it suits this huge tree now for the long term there are a few things i will be doing to this tree some of the things i’ll be doing immediately that little bit of dead root on the right hand side that is doing nothing this one here i’m going to cut that off some of these can also be cut off it’s that’s doing nothing uh that is life so i’ll leave that but while we’re talking about root this thick root here eventually i should cut it off but because i cut quite a bit of root off when i say cut quite a bit of root off that’s the route i cut mainly the tap roots so it’s not a great deal it should survive i will eventually take it off but maybe next year i will take this root off because it’s rather ugly that the lower roots may make it look more convincing that nebari would be more convincing so i will leave that for now those two thick branches there are okay this branch there is also okay but if we go higher up the trunk you’ll see that there is one thick branch there and the rest of the branches are thin and because that’s going to be the odd branch out i think there’s a thick branch at the back that i’m not too worried about i think i could safely take this thick one out and leave the thin ones to develop so i’m going to cut that off and then train the thinner ones so that is the plan of action and the top i’m going to spartan up so meanwhile i will just cut that off and water the tree and i will take it to the work bench while i do some finer wiring so that’s as far as we’ve got so today’s another day i was going to wear my hawaiian shirt but it’s been raining and it’s a bit damp and cold so i won’t wear that hawaiian shirt because i’m really feeling cold now to finish off this dawn redwood that we started uh potting up on sunday all i need to do is soak the branches out and the pants now straight away let me explain to you what i’m going to do i’m basically going to arrange the pads so that’s an easy thing so let me begin by if you come here you’ll see the pad this is coming out straight this is quite a nice pad and this i can arrange this way so we’re going to get like three branches so and the dawn redwoods are so prolific all these shoots literally every couple of weeks you get these new shoots coming out from the old wood so you don’t have to worry about them not producing branches they are very prolific so if you’re patient you will get the branches in virtually no time so i’m just going to wire these gently the wire does mark because it’s a fast growing tree but i’ll keep an eye on it but of course because it’s fast growing it also sets in position very rapidly so these wires probably don’t need to be on for more than about a year and the branches are flexible i can do a bit of zigzag so this shoot has been produced in the last two weeks believe it or not so against the pad so that it’s nice fish bone i can zigzag it and then i can almost cut with impunity because they are so prolific so that pad is organized now this one i need to pull down a little bit this is quite thick but i’m not worried about it because the lower branch is being thick it’s fine so let me wire this so two branch let me link it to this one and then take it off after this so it’s telling you how prolific these branches are you look at this pad here see this branch has had another secondary one coming out that way so i don’t want it kicking back on itself so i get rid of this one and look at all that there’s so many new branches coming from there i don’t want this i don’t want these i’ve got to keep a close eye on it so i need to control them now this pad i need to just make a nice herringbone and then let’s take this down a bit this i could take one more time that’s easy to achieve that’s very easy to achieve now when it comes to this okay there’s still some thick branches here there are back branches so i would think about it but this being the front this is an ugly branch all the other branches are thin so this is out of scale out of proportion so i think i will have to get rid of this one so i don’t know whether the secateurs will cut this or not but it’s such soft wood i think i can easily cut it with secateurs look at it it’s only like three years old that thick so i hope that will die back and then i can arrange these so these will be the new branches you can gradually nibble away and reduce the thickness of the old prices a bit of a stubborn of the old branch there i don’t want that the wood is so soft when you think of the chinese arm being hard wood this is like butter compared to that if anyone has ever cut chinese um old branches you realize how thick it is okay now these branches are not very thick so let me see i can use three mil wire i’ll try and tell you what why i’m using but i hope it doesn’t mislead you because as i said the thickness of the wire doesn’t depend on the thickness of the branch you’re wiring it depends on the species and it depends also on the age of the particular branch so the species like this is so soft and very bendable you don’t need very thick wire okay let’s take it to this one they have these gangly shoots that go look at this one growing vertical i don’t want it growing vertically i want it going horizontal so i got rid of that so this is still the front i’ve got lots of branches here in fact too many and when there are too many i’ve got to be careful about inverse taper so taking them out is really doing it a good turn okay let’s do those two so different from wiring juniper pine branches when you think that this long branch is only two years old it was produced last year so different species behave certainly very differently let’s stop staying down and we have to put another coil of wire on that one i think i’ve got enough branches so i get rid of this i don’t want too many i got to think what to do with this one it’s very very thick i may just keep it for a year and see if new shoots come from there and if they come i will then eventually get rid of it i won’t get rid of it straight away okay so i’m now going to use four ml wire on two branches there i’m not self videoing at the moment jack is videoing for me so you can see more detail hopefully i’m aware that when you set video you can’t get close and show some complete here but as i said sometimes i rather be able to do a video by self videoing then not video at all [Music] i’m just gonna find a thick piece of cold water [Music] so so again this is a big tree i love big trees so i know people you know criticize me for that but this is what i love and this is what i do so as i said hopefully this wire won’t be on the street for more than a year so [Music] the rest i’m also going to why i’m not going to show you everything because it may take up too much time i’m going to wire those like that so when i get to it i don’t know i might as well do it just to show that there’s no sleight of hand so swam cyprus and dawn redwood are probably the two easiest species to train and why because they’re so prolific producing new branches new shoots you can probably need a stool pretty soon so i will

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