Bonsai Trees Sale & Late Autumn Walk and Maple Shaping

In this video I show you some of the nursery in the Autumn. I then take some field grown maples and shape.

Bonsai Trees Sale

Today is the 19th of october and 1 o’clock and it’s a lovely lovely sunny day and we are almost i would say in the middle of autumn there’s still a lot of autumn color to come but i’m just going to walk around the nursery to show you not just the autumn color of the maples but i’m going to show you what i’m going to work on because there’s always something to do on the nursery i’m behind the camera phone at the moment but i just want to show you the view that you get of herons and because i’m enjoying it i would like to share it with you these are the beautiful days in autumn that we cherish but every day is different yesterday was wet today is nice and although it’s one o’clock at three or four o’clock it could rain this is a lovely part of the uk or england the weather is absolutely unpredictable it’s commonly said that in england you can get four climates in one day i remember in june on the 1st of june we had snow and on the 30th of june we had 36 or 37 degrees centigrade and in between we had hail storms and frost as well so that is june for you but autumn is a different type these were the trees that i pruned back in i would say was it end of april or early may but i’m now walking into the field because i’m going to work on some maples that i will convert into bonsai so let’s go and i’ll get my colleague padma prayer to hold the camera you must be wondering why we have most of the maples very tall there is in fact method in my madness because as you will have realized by now we don’t always waste a lot of time and then we get more trees out of it i haven’t harvested all of them some of these may not have had sufficient root but they will all be harvested so all these tall maples are due for allering over the next few years so let’s go to another batch which i pulled out and they are almost ready to be made into maple bonsai it’s really an autumn that you can appreciate the true beauty of the maples look at this batch here we have here this is osakazuki this is the classic leaf shape of osaka zuki and it’s the classic color of osakazuki and right next to it i have a yellow maple and this i think is yukon yukon starts off lime green and it turns yellow in the autumn sangokaku also turns like yellow or orange but uh yukon certainly is this pure gold color and there are a few shishi gashira here but i think the shishis have already lost their leaves so many of these trees just to show you what we do here because we have literally thousands of maples now these are you can see straight away they’re virtually a bonsai already and this would have been a very tall one meter tall tree so we cut it off and the new leader is growing and a pesto this is ready to put in a bonsai pot so many of these trees have been constantly cut back and cut back like this one let’s show you some of the tricks we do see it was cut back there and the new leader grew there so we can cut some more so this is going to be the future of bonsai virtually there wherever you look you will see that trees are very recognizable as bonsai this is another classic one it’s got a lovely twist in the trunk the first cut was made over here then another cut there another cut there these trees are certainly at least 10 years old we don’t let them grow big we constantly keep cutting them bad wherever you go you will see the same thing is done so this is how we produce our own maples and i’ve told people we are 100 self-sufficient in maples because this is what we specialize in and we don’t have to import maples at all look at the variety of color you will soon recognize certain key species and i said osakazuki is one of them and this is what this leaf shape is osakazuki quite different from any of the other maples and even little trees like that look at that beauty so this would be at least i would say six years old so they constantly chop to keep it small nice twist in the trunk so no wiring has been done to these trees absolutely no wine so they’re just left to grow but we keep chopping it look at that one these can be put together in a small forest it would look very cute or you can use them as individual trees so these are all grown from seed they’re all grown from seed and now let’s show you what i’m about to embark on i pulled these out because each of these trees is almost ready for its journey to be made into a bonsai so this was an air layering i always take early rings from a junction so that’s why it’s got this lovely like a double trunk and the future direction of the tree i will probably cut that there so we’re just doing a rough pruning and i will take it into the back greenhouse after i’ve done pruning i don’t want to take all this into the greenhouse to prune and bring it back out to throw away so this will be cut back with the saw or take it out so we can show you what we do so i’m just doing the rough pruning while i’m out in the field now let me show you this one sometimes you can plan all sorts of things but nature doesn’t allow you to do as you please because what you think will happen doesn’t always happen and what i’m going to show you is how the leader changes direction so i can get it out of the pot i can show you this is a tree that’s been grown on its own roots this is a disjojo and i take it back into the greenhouse i will show you so i tried to cut the tree here hoping that the new leader will come there but what has happened this has grown and taken over and this could have been a new leader but because the route is this way i think this would be a better leader so that is not a good leader so that will be discarded so we’ve taken all the trouble to grow that we don’t want that so sometimes what looks attractive to you you have to sacrifice so we will persevere with this and concentrate on this as the leader so you can see the shape of this tree almost a perfect bonsai so we take it to that greenhouse to put them up every single tree has some potential i’ll have to take it out of the pot because it’s going through the pot look at the lovely color now this one i cut very low you see i cut it there so this is the new leader that has grown i don’t want all that cut that off cut this off simple so when we take it to the back you will see the shape so that is that one done as i know is that this shoulder i recognize the leaf shape and it’s got quite an interesting trunk line and if you look at it okay we don’t want all these long shoes this is a bit confusing let’s get all this out i’m sure all of you must be hankering after getting the cuttings in autumn the cuttings don’t strike so easily but it is possible now over here you have a choice of what to do again this is an example i cut it here hoping that you get a new leader there but nature doesn’t do what you always hoped to do so this didn’t take but a shoot from lord dan took over as the new leader so this is going to be the new leader despite what i had planned so let’s get it off i may need a stronger lopper but maybe i’ll do that when i get into the back greenhouse so i’m just doing the rough cuts here so that is number four that’s another nice one here [Music] the base is beautiful these were dug up from the ground i would say three or four years ago because we don’t always leave it in the ground forever and very mature trunk there’s a graft there so this was a grafted dishwasher and this is how it’s going a very informal style i don’t like to make the maples looking too formal and maples are my special what you call a pet subject and i have my own style of making naples a lot of people may criticize you for that but sword once the branches grow there this is a nice front and this will end up as a very nice tree so this is the future direction of this tree i may tidy the roots and improve the nebari because the roots are a bit ugly though it is ugly they should really come up radially but this is the trouble when you grow them in flower pots the roots go round and round so i may have to deal with it i’ll show you when i take it into the back greenhouse so that is that one number five ah this is a distraction this is an elm i just brought it out because it looks interesting what an interesting beast i could make it shorter and cut it there you see the cuts it was cut here then cut there then cut here maybe a bit tall i can cut it wherever i like and it’ll sprout again so that’s uh that’s not a maple that’s an hour now this is an interesting one this one the base is beautiful lovely base and i think this is deshojo as well i because i don’t have many dishojo i may not cut that straight away i may just lay that because this is not part of the design design of the tree will probably be this way see when that is a rogue shoot i don’t want thick branches i may probably choose one of these to make a leader and do that so i will take this in i will reduce this foliage a bit because i don’t want to cut too much in the greenhouse and i will show you the complete process including air layering the bits that i want to save so sometimes i exercise a bit of patience in the hope that i will propagate a few more trees they shojos are very nice when they are on their own roots many of the the shojos that come from japan are always grafted but if they’re on their own roots like this one is you get a much better flare and you don’t see the transition between the graft and the main tree so i’m going to probably earlier this one to save this this i may get rid of it’s not worth but we will take this into the background so we have enough to work on so the next part will be done in our workshop so i’ve brought in the maples that i was trimming in the field and i’m now going to show you the next stages of making these into bonsai this i think is a deshojo and i have a feeling that this is probably an air leaving the reason why i think it’s an alien is because there are no very thick roots so let’s have a look see the nebari what it is like surface roots the surface roots are a very good guide as to whether a particular position would be the front or the back so i always start from the base and then proceed up the tree so i can see some good surface roots here if you come closer you can see the roots are very radial going like that like that like that this is what we call a good start to the nebari system very nice radio routes look at it again you can just see how nicely the radial root system is is developing a lot of people asking me how you make nebari well if you get bad boots then you can straighten it but this fortunately has grown very radially i will just tease some of the base to see how deep the roots are as i say i have a feeling this is a airline i may be right i may be though let’s see again a number of people have asked me how is it that you are doing it at this time of the year well i have the facilities of the greenhouse so they get protection over the winter now the moment of truth has come i said that this is an air laying and true enough look at the sphagnum moss here the sphagnum moss is still there from the root balls so i was right i was very right can you see the spectrum moss that is where the original air laying was made there you are so this is probably if you ask me how old this tree is if i tell you that this tree is only three years old you may laugh at me and say that i’m telling a lie but technically speaking this tree is three years because as you can see the air laying the moss ball is still there that’s all the sphagnum moss and it was seven from the tree three years ago if i thought a little deeper just to prove the point you can see all the speckled moss coming out and you can see where it was chopped off from the tree i usually get a very good idea as to which has been grown in the garden which is an area so it just shows you that three years from separating an air layering you can get a beautiful tree like this so it’s certainly not long to wait and such beautiful nibari if it was grown in the ground you would not get such good nibari because you would get some very thick roots so air layering also has the advantage of giving you these beautiful radial root system and this was just planted in cold meat potting compost now this is a challenge i just want to show you where the air was taken come here we will show you there you are see that is the stem where i cut the air laying off there so that is where it was served from and if i get the big loppers i could cut it even shorter so that i can get it in a shallower pot there you are i can even cut some more so that is the air layering so i was proved right so i know my trees and that’s still the moss can you see the moss ball this is the moss ball where the air laying was taken off from so an air layering they showed you okay that’s not the end of story we still have some work to do so it’s got a nice slab to the tree i may continue to keep it that angle well i may pop it a little more this is a very useful thing to have a wedge wooden wedge you can make them in different sizes wedge and then you can prop it up to the angle you want so i can wire this down using very thick wire that is a bit thick but i can still use it just to get some more ramification i don’t want too many thick branches this is a very thick branch here because this is a thick branch i may get inverse taper at this point so i’m going to remove this one and i did tell you in the field that i did originally want the leader to grow there but for some reason all that top died back and it grew here so this makes a very nice leader so let’s continue using that and this can come off this can come off over here maybe it’s easier with the saw so you have a choice of several leaders i won’t make a sloping cut i’ll just make a straight cut and let the wood die back to there i’ll seal that so that’s the shape of the tree i’m going to wire this stone so i reckon that this tree will be another couple of years in training before it becomes really nice but meanwhile i will do some basic training to the tree my basic training mean i want to get the branches in the right position so this shooting upwards i know that maples don’t normally have pine style branches meaning that i don’t want the trees looking like pines with branches hanging downwards but i would still like them not shooting upwards because shooting upwards becomes more or less like a broom style tree which i don’t want this design to be like that so this is the front it’s got a very nice s-shaped saw with very thick wire i’m going to bend it down a little bit [Music] and then all the branches will hang from that even these i can bend slightly this way mind your maples are not generally wired but i can still do some water i may not do a lot of wiring but i will still do some wiring so i’m trying to find a fairly thick wire of course you got to watch the wire because they mark the bark very easily so if you wire your maples do be careful don’t leave the wires on too long so because these trees are still being trained this is not wiring for showing the tree this is just training the tree so i’m not concerned how the wire looks as long as it does the job that’s all that matters so hopefully a leader will come out from here i’ve left a big gap here normally i would say most people will cut it back here but if you cut it back here you may get die back further back and you lose the leader so i played the cautious game by leaving a long stump so should this die back and die back here and that’d be perfect also i will show you something else about maples and the pruning you notice that where i pruned i leave this is at least half inch or three quarter inch gap to the node i don’t think it’s a wise idea to cut too close over there because if you cut close it may die back to the next point whereas you cut there this will die back to there same thing here you notice i do it automatically but over here there’s such a long gap inch and a half so should this die back you’ll die back to here so always leave a gap when you do that like here also i didn’t make a sloping cut i just made a cut over there and hopefully that will die back to that point but just to make sure that it’s not losing too much moisture i’m still going to sear it just for safety i’m going to seal it a bit although if you don’t see it it’ll just rot the wood and die back naturally so that is how i’ve trained this one so that is step number two after air layering we put it in a pot did nothing very nice nebari going so i can put it in like a plastic bonsai training pot preferably a black plastic bonsai training pod rather than a round flower pot and in two or three years it should become very nice as a bonsai now let’s look at another one now this is also a they showed you this is a deshojo that has been grafted you can see the little bulge here and that is where the graft was made this by the way was one of the maples we imported from japan maybe 20 years ago as a very young tree back in the 1990s maybe even 25 or 30 years in 1990 we were importing a lot from japan but for the last 12 years i have not imported any tree from japan so because we are not self-sufficient in maple but this was one that didn’t grow so well you can see a lot of the branches died but i just kept it growing and it’s grown in this unusual way i wouldn’t say weird because some people may like it very much because not everyone has the same taste and this has a rather nice informal type style but the roots are very ugly i don’t need to do much to it because i’ve kept it like this and all i’ve done is to try and develop more superstructure so the point of showing you this tree is to show you what bad roots look like now because this has been growing in the flower for so long the roots have gone round and round again mind you not everyone has the same taste so i have customers who like these tango roots so although i may not like it and conventional wisdom says that this is not a good root system someone else will like it but i think i will try and improve the nebari to what i feel it should be like now that’s a very thick old route this is also a very thick roll root if i take it off the tree might suffer so i have to judge carefully how much root i take off i think they’re pretty major routes so i have to be very very careful see there isn’t a lot of root so all these roots going to the back are quite important roots for the tree but i still don’t like the way it’s going back like that so these were bought as very young trees so when they were young they weren’t corrected well as they say bite the bullet i got to do that i’m going to cut that off and i hope it won’t damage the tree i’ll also cut this one off come this spring i might put some hormone rooting powder over this area to encourage more young roots to develop and we could develop the nibari from there right i got rid of some of those ugly roots so i’ve got to this stage because this is the front or whoever binds the tree may change the tree and make this the front if you use this the front then you will have to restyle the tree grow new branches from there so there are many many options there are many options so although it looks at first glance nice like this it might in the future also have this as a potential front and then create the tree like that so this is how this one is going to do up so these will all be put in plastic bonsai training part so that’s number two well let us look at number three now this one again has the problem that i showed you earlier where the roots are not brilliant and i don’t like roots going like that but because we’ve been growing it in flower pods which is my fault the roots have been going round and round smaller weeds growing in here dandelion weeds are a curse but the base is very nice very nice base that’s very powerful looking there one branch died with maples you get branch dieback quite often so don’t be worried about that especially young twigs in the winter you get a lot of branch die back many people are worried but don’t worry that’s how maples behave i’ll try to improve the trunk well i’m not too worried about that see there’s a little stub here now this hopefully will die back to this point and this is going to take over as the leader so the future direction of the tree is like this so this can go in a big plastic training pot and if this is the front i want this branch coming more this way and just give it a little bit of wiring [Music] these methods may appear pretty crude to you but they work that piece of wire was not long enough i want the leader to go this way i’m going to do all sorts of trickery these are all my secrets the way i grow my maples i think the general principles are pretty universal cut the tree back once you got a good trunk now i’m not worried about that little bit because hopefully that will be cut off because this is going to be the leader so that is the structure of this tree so you can see the way it’s going i did a fairly heavy cut with the branch cutter there so i could leave it and let it rot but i will probably seal it don’t take the risk like those cuts they were never sealed you see they just rock back so that is number three done so you can see the future direction of the trees it’s quite obvious what they’re going to become now this is another interesting fellow look at it this is one of the trees this must have been like six to eight foot high and i cut off all the top i may have alieated it as well but look at the beautiful powerful base there and this is deliberately kept as a small tree and again if i can explain what i did you see i cut about half or three quarter inch above that junction so it’s died back there so i’ll die back more i’m not too worried about that i will let it die back even further but i’ve got to sort these branches out so i will just selectively prune those and just let one or two branches grow from there so we don’t get too many young branches grow very easily so don’t be worried if you don’t see enough branches at this stage because the structure of the tree is more important at this stage than anything else there’s a funny little going on here that branch has gone back can you see that one for some reason has gone back that’s not doing nothing so let’s get rid of it that’s a fault so get rid of that you have to be pretty ruthless otherwise you won’t make much progress okay there’s a whole bunch of branches there can you see about three or four again we don’t need all of them and i will prefer to keep the thinner brush like this one and that one that’s quite thick that will become even thicker if i don’t watch it and it can cause inverse taper so i’m going to take the thicker one out and keep the thin one now these branches are too long see this look at the base from here that’s beautiful absolutely beautiful in fact keep an open mind of this rod this could become the future front beautiful front see this is not so nice you see that with this leader like that this side is not as nice as this side so this is where i would have to keep an open mind for the future how the tree is going to develop now i could easily cut it back to here to get a tree more in proportion to the size of the trunk but because i’ve still got a long way to go i don’t want to take the decision yet if i leave this to grow strongly this new leading should can become thicker faster so i will leave all this this will become sacrificial all i want is to get this to grow as a taper and who knows i may take this as the front and open this out so it’d be a nice short tree like this so that’s the future direction of this tree how exciting is that beautiful base so that is that one number four we’ve got two more to do every tree is different that’s what i like about doing these trees now this is another airline i can tell straight away that it’s an air layering because i always uh like doing airlines at the junction and i can feel that it’s an airline because it’s very light and i’m usually proved right if i tease at the bottom you come across the moss ball again such vigorous roots i would say something about deshojo and benichidori these two trees are one of the easiest varieties of maple to air layer i know the mountain maple or the mountain maple unnamed variety is easy but they showed you and benichidori are really really easy shishigashira is another one i have never done hair layering on the sections because as a variety the sector doesn’t make such a nice bond right the weeping habit doesn’t lend itself to the conventional maple image uh for maple buttons eyes so i’ve always stared clear of defective i’ve got some huge ones when you make them large the scale is more appropriate but as a rule i don’t like using the seconds as bonsai okay i’m just going a bit lower because i’m looking for the surface roots and because this was an airy ring i’m pretty sure that i think i may have planted it deeper in the pot to begin with look at those lovely roots if you have facilities for protecting your trees in winter then you can repot in october november as long as you give it good protection but if you don’t have protection it’s best to wait till february there you are what did i say this is the sphagnum moss showing that this was an air layering to begin with there you go sphagnum moss doesn’t deteriorate this is still all intact over there and nice compact root system but lots of roots lots of room so this is going to be a rather nice twin trunk or a triple trunk and i still have the chance to develop good nibari because it’s a fairly young tree such a lot of options on this tree now this bit died i’m not worried about it because it does naturally see it dies right back over there so it’ll make a nice v shape and my hand is well clearly soft so so the future shape of the tree is going to be more like that i think that is going to be a bit too tall let’s take this off you see they always die back to a point this is what i’ve been trying to emphasize you see so don’t worry now because there’s several new shoots coming from there i don’t think it’ll die back more so we’ve got a choice of several fronts either this is the front or that this one this car is looking very nice so still many years before we decide the future direction of the tree so that’s going to be a rather unusual twin style trim trunk so there’s going to be more branches there so the tree is going to be like that so there’s still choice of this side or that side so this is stage two so we’ve got three five done one more to go this one is a day shojo as well lo and behold i have a feeling this is also an air leak so you must be wondering how come all these airlines because i’m an air layering expert so a lot of the trees we produce here are produced for free meaning we didn’t buy the trees then we produced them from air layering and you get instant thick chunks like this you don’t have to wait that long this would probably be an airline from three years ago i usually can tell where you have very compact route and it’s almost certain to be an alien so different design choices i can see that surface roots are pretty good and you talk of growing trees in special soils now this is just ordinary i’ll pit of peach substitute soil with some bark and just see how healthy my maples grow in this so because it’s growing in a flop up the roots are starting to go round and round so i’ve taken it out at just the right time if i leave it too long then it might not be so good now there’s a thick root there i’m going to take that off there’s so many roots that i don’t need all of them pretty thick root so beautiful we put in large plastic bonsai training pots and then we can make sure that the roots are going in the correct direction now this looks like a pretty nice front there’s a slight curvature there it’s almost like my famous twin trunk maple i was going to air layer it but probably i won’t i got enough trees so let’s cut that off so you saw the number of maples we have in our field so they are going to keep me pretty busy because i regard this as the harvesting time i start looking at the trees and see which i can harvest for future bonsai now if this starts making inverse taper i will get rid of it but for the time being i will leave it and i’m leaving uh no i think i would take one of those off because if i leave too many i made bad inverse taper and i know that i’ve got the choice of two should one of them die this other one can take over as the new leader there are too many there you see there’s three there take two out this is a bit long i can wind it down so this is the future structure of the tree i’m not cutting it back there because i wanted to pull the leader up so i let that go so that this thickens and makes a nice leader this will eventually come off if this branch is too thick i will cut that off as well later in the summer but you can see they are so prolific in producing branches there’s no worry about getting adequate branches to make for the future design so there’s a lot of branches there to choose from so don’t worry so that is all i would do from there unlike your conifers where you can make an instant bonus eye there is still an element of waiting here so the future direction of the tree or the shape of the tree will be like this that is where it’s going to end and the dome shape is going to come like that very nice slight curvature movement of the trunk that branch there will carry the camera here or if i don’t like that i will remove it so those are the six trees that i’ve done and we will proceed to pot them and when they’re potted i will show you a picture again so all these six maples have now been potted into their temporary bonsai training pots so this is the start of i would say the phase two phase one was the air layerings put into the flower pots now i’ve trimmed it back to the branches and leaders that i want to develop and over the next year hopefully in a year’s time there will be a lot of ramification a lot of new branches and that is how these trees will develop into the future so we will show you this again in a year’s time but meanwhile you can see that they’re already looking like bonsais so hope you’ve enjoyed this one [Music] you

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