So you want to learn more about one side. Then you’ve come to the right place. My friend welcome to bonsai talk, [ Music, ] bonzai is a creative art form and it goes back thousands of years, starting in China and Japan.
Bonsai is not a specific family of trees. In fact, almost all bonsai trees are just regular trees. There is no loss when creating a bonsai, but some of the most important artistic guidelines is scale, balance, harmony and proportion.
The purpose with bonsai is to replicate nature in a small format. Therefore, bonsai trees doesn’t have to be very small. They can be anywhere from one centimeter to one meter in height focus on learning.
How to keep the tree alive and healthy in small containers is the real goal with a hobby while pruning reporting and assigning the tree is secondary. [ Music ], with the help of evolutionary adaptation trees literally exist everywhere, where we have land on this earth.
Some trees has always been growing in the place that you live in. Naturally, while others have been trying to acclimatize themselves to a complete new continent, a bonsai tree has the exact same needs as a tree living in the wild.
There is no horticultural difference just because the bonsai is planted in a container. This is why we need to figure out what kind of natural environment you can offer or replicate for your future on site tree where on this planet do you live, and how can you set up the best possible conditions? A common misconception is that all bonsai trees are meant to be inside.
This is, of course, wrong, because no plant naturally comes from the inside of our homes. However, when we are referring to indoor bonsai, we are talking about trees that can survive and deal with the microclimate that our houses and apartments offers.
In fact, our very first encounter with bonsai is many of times with the so called indoor bonsai suitable for our homes. We’Re and most importantly, how you live, decides and limits. What kind of tree species you can grow: [, Music, ] every year hundred thousands of trees are being mass-produced in China and Israel.
Then they are shipped off to all the corners of the world. Ask the growers part the trees up in large volumes, they plant them in clay or readily accessible organic soil and they stuff the trees into containers with not a chance of getting light or water when they arrive to the final destination, the trees are more or less In a weakened state due to the circumstances and the transportation time, the trees are now also in the risk of being acclimatized to a complete new environment which causes them to react with stress.
And then we come along. We buy the tree and we take it back to our homes. [, Music, ], [, Music, ] bonzai, is all around us. If wish used to look. However, there is still a romanticized mystified idea about bonsai trees being some kind of unique species that is very hard to cultivate.
This curious mindset is really good because it’s one of those fundamental ideas that really draw people into the hobby. In reality, it’s more about understanding. Horticulture and how you apply that to a little tree, living inside of a container just as any other market with profit as the single most important factor commercial bone size is no different.
The bonsai trees that we find in our nurseries, garden, centers and gift shops and malls all over the world is there to make money. Now that doesn’t mean that all growers and sellers of bonsai stand accused of exploding the situation.
It means that the market is flooded with small trees and that we currently have overwhelming supply. That is more extensive than our demand and knowledge [, Music ]. It would make sense to assume that all bonsai trees has been taken good care of before they got to us.
It would also be normal with just a little bit of naivety to consider the bonsai tree as a finished product that doesn’t need anything more than watering and fertilizing in order to keep surviving when facing the first challenges with bonsai, you need to learn to work with Patience and respect the time as a part of your hobby, a bonsai is a living tree and it will never stop growing as long as it’s healthy and alive and therefore it can never be considered as a finished product, regardless how good it looks when you first Get it the same day as you decide to start with bonsai your tree will need a lot of things provided by you on a regular basis to be trained as a bonsai like watering, repotting pruning fertilizing, and not to forget root, pruning and exchange of soil substrate.
In order to function on all levels as a special plants living inside a pot [ Music ] when experiencing one side for the first time, the idea of us changing anything is very intimidating and it frightens us.
We quickly draw the conclusion that the reason why the tree is looking so healthy is because it’s been taking good care of before it got to us. So why fix something if it isn’t broken, even though a bonsai tree can look really nice and green and healthy? On the outside, it can be suffering on the inside insufficient light levels.
Dry, indoor, air, in combination with compact soil, is often of times things that will neglect the tree over time, and this is a reality for commercial bonsai trees. The first thing that we need to do is to acclimatize the tree putting a tree somewhere in the middle of your house.
It’S not a sustainable strategy, and very few tree species can live under such circumstances. If, at all the further away the tree is from the best light source, the weaker the tree will become when we are doing bonsai, we are trying to replicate all the conditions that nature offers, but we cannot risk anything happen to the root system.
Since it’s living in a very confined and limited space, organic substrate doesn’t drain well enough to let the roots breathe. Organic soil absorbs more water than the tree has used for it, and that’s why we have little to none organic substrate into the bonsai soil mix.
When we are planting a bonsai tree in nature, the ground provides the tree plenty of space to put out roots in all different directions and angles, and there is enough food and resources for all living.
Things in water is soaked up and evenly distributed between the layers. As the roots search for moisture and nutrients, they are programmed to grow through layers of decayed organic soil, grit and sand particles containing high levels of oxygen.
So why is this a problem then? Well, most commercial bonsai trees have never been reported, since they was dug out of the ground before they got sold, which means they are still planted in clay for organic soil, and what you are seeing right now is bonsai trees, just like that.
This is what we call an organic substrate or an organic soil. The specific substrate is often a natural one and comes in different particle sizes. It’S unique in that way that the particles have small microscopical hollows, that suck up water and, at the same time provides a lot of space for oxygen to get in.
This is how you get a free draining substrate, which is essential requirement for all root systems with bonsai trees in training. Imagine that your bonsai tree was growing in the wild water would spread evenly and thoroughly from rain water and groundwater all through the different layers.
In the earth itself, the root system of your bonsai tree wants the exact same thing, not too much, but not too little water either. The advantage of inorganic substrate is the amount of water it can hold and, at the same time, get rid of it.
This forces the enthusiast to water more frequently, but makes over watering almost impossible due to the good drainage, while the organic soil soaks too much fluid suffocating the roots in access water.
Sometimes the levels of lights are just way too low, and it doesn’t give your bonsai enough photosynthesis other of times. Your windows would just be faced in such way that you wouldn’t be able to give your bonsai optimal sunlight all day.
Whatever your situation is, your tree needs as much light as possible, especially on the darkest months of the year. Some species of bonsai trees doesn’t need a lot of light to survive. However, insufficient light levels will even weak in those trees with time bonsai trees growing indoors should be exposed to full illumination at least half of the day, regardless the weather and the seasons outside ordinary fluorescent, lightbulbs house, lamps or office light is with a window in combination Too weak to produce any good photosynthesis in the darkest days.
We need a complementary, secondary, artificial light source truly developing the plants over time. The race of light should cover all the branches and the complete foliage or canopy of the plants to get the full effect.
Whatever setup you should choose, it needs to produce high levels of Lux. Lux is the amount of light that hits and penetrates a measured surface. Simplify your artificial light should be strong enough to replicate the sunlight on the bright summer day, somewhere around 80 thousand.
To a hundred thousand lux and remember, photosynthesis is the most precious important mechanism that always must be highest priority together with watering when doing one side. You should always pick a tree that you really like something that speaks to your soul, but not all trees can live inside of our homes.
Only semi-tropical and tropical trees can so, let’s take a look at some of the most common bonsai trees out there and how you care for them. Chinese, elm, ulmus, parva, folia, a strong, growing small leaf bonsai.
They develop really fast under perfected conditions, and they are easy and inexpensive to propagate. They have great characteristics, as bonsai material will little to none investment. The real challenge of growing Chinese Elms is understanding and figuring out the acclimatization process.
It’S more about figuring out what they have been used to and not where to put them. Chinese Elms needs a lot of light and in many cases a bright window is not enough, reconsidering adding more artificial light if needed.
Another challenge is our warm dry indoor climate, as they prefer cooler temperatures to be healthy, being one of the most common trees on the market. Chinese Elms is difficult to start with as a new beginner in bonsai, but it can be done if you spend a lot of time figuring out how to build up a sustainable strategy.
Difficulty hard Chinese, pepper, santak, solium, peppery tongue grows small and glossy leaves in patterns with torrents on the branches and not the most common tree in the commercial market. However, a good choice for someone that has found a sustainable microclimate indoors for a while grows.
Well, as long as you have a good uh nor Ganic soil mix with a lot of drainage, just as any tropical semi-tropical tree, this tree needs a lot of light to survive during the long dark winters because of the glossy leaves reducing transpiration.
They can tolerate a little bit on the drier side indoors. Difficulty medium Chinese, privet, ligustrum sin NZ, probably one of the most common species of commercial bonsai, but not the easiest one. This is the fastest growing species of tree.
You can find once the microclimate is optimal and it belongs in the semi tropical species section of trees. This tree needs regular pruning all the time in order to create dense ramification, however, it doesn’t like aggressive root pruning and that can result in dieback of important branches.
The leaves are very thin and Chinese privet can often on time had a hard time recovering from stressful situations. Because of that, and it needs a lot of light in order to get the leaf small and in nodes, shorter difficulty, medium ficus, ficus, micro, carpa, ficus bonsai is the most recognizable tree species and have been for a long time when it comes to tropical trees.
The smooth gray bark tree with the white SAP has earned its reputation as a tough species that can tolerate a lot of different indoor climates. Ficus is no different from any other tree, though, and it needs the same environment as tropical trees in the wild to reach its maximum potential.
Ficus is a very good species to start your bonsai journey with because they are forgiving and they will tolerate small mistakes as long as you do your best to give the tree what it needs. These trees will tolerate lower levels of light and higher levels of organic soil, but it’s always undesirable.
The tree will eventually be weakened and never developed as a good tree good light, good drainage and fertilizer, and you will have a ficus for life as bonsai difficulty. Easy Fukien T Carmona macrophylla, it’s a great Bart species with glossy black dotted hairy leaves and can sometimes produce white beautiful flowers.
The carmona grows very well in a fixed, optimal condition, just because it’s shipped and sold all over the world as an indoor bonsai, does make it an easy new beginner tree. This bonsai does not like to be touched and messed around with too much, which is also one of the reasons why they react to stress and sudden changes like differences in the microclimate.
The best treatment for this tree is to find a place that it really likes and never move it around. The Fukien tree is a tree that demands a lot of knowledge and needs smooth transitions and operations.
An ax miscalculated intervention can send the tree downwards into a negative, unhealthy spiral, and this makes the tree a true challenge. Even for the experienced bonsai enthusiast. This tree is not forgiving compared to ficus.
You need to have full understanding and knowledge of the microclimate that you provide in order to grow, carmona difficulty, hard, Jade portal, Acharya Afra portal, Acharya Afra is sometimes referred to as dwarf y8 and is popular and unquestionably important species in the suckle and family.
When it comes to bonsai, one might take the assumption and draw the conclusions that the succulents are not worthy or good enough to be a bonsai, and I can tell you for a new beginner. This is one of the best trees you can start with, because there is few species, so tough, so forgiving and so easy as Jade.
Basically, you don’t need any deep knowledge or experience to grow Jade as a bonsai, except one thing, and that has to do with root pruning. The roots are sensitive to large cuts and can be affected by root rot if you take away too much.
At the same time, it’s advised to let the roots recover after repotting a few hours before watering the soil. This bonsai does not require much water because of the amount of water it can hold inside leaves and trunk find a place where you can give the tree good light together with the free draining soil, and you will have a bonsai tree for many many years to Come difficulty easy chef, Lara schefflera, our Bora Cola, the tropical tree has umbrella-like leaves with beautiful brown, gray bark and is native to Australia.
What is unique about schefflera tree is that the petioles is somewhat integrated to the leaf itself and further this tree never develops rough brown bark as tropicals rarely do and for some unknown reason, probably related to the ineffective ways to mass-produced s bonsai.
This is not a common bonsai out on the market when it really deserves to be when we are talking about the easiest. Most forgiving best suitable tree for a new beginner schefflera actually takes first place.
This tree can be neglected, mistreated and experimented with a lot before it weakens, and it will just continue growing, which is very good for eager and fiddly new beginner in order to develop a good specimen as bonsai.
The tree needs a regular pruning defoliation and a lot of light and a free draining soil mix, practice in the clip and grow technique, and you will get refinement and ramification over time. Difficulty easy cerissa, sarissa fatiha, another semi-tropical tree that we find in the commercial world of bonsai is serese fo, t de sometimes refer to as cereza japonica.
This tree is known for putting up with the beautiful flowers and a flake ignore ly bark, even as younger trees. One might assume that the reason for these trees, taking up so much space on the market is because people ask for them and they are user friendly trees.
The truth is that the cerissa bonsai is a real challenge to anyone. If you can provide this tree with the right amount of light humidity and soil properties, they will react in sensitive ways, often over time, resulting in dropping all the leaves and sometimes never coming back again to life.
The key to cultivates ERISA is to fully understand and promote perfect microclimate solutions with stable conditions as a long-term solution for the tree. It’S not impossible and if you really set your mind to it and invest knowledge, resources and time, you can do it too.
Difficulty hard Siskiyou, looks folium, sis qiyam is a member of the Myrtle family and just like the majority of all suitable trees for indoor bonsai. This species comes from a semi tropical tropical zone of the world.
When you cultivate system right, these trees get a lot of lush canopy with elongated glossy leaves and they will produce small red fruits that can be edible. Although system is a modest bonsai material that we don’t see that often there is still plenty of trees on the market to find for those bonsai enthusiasts that are willing to look.
Sis qiyam is often mixed up with serezha because they are so similar in the way they look. Now. This tree does not like variations in temperature. However, they can tolerate a lot of light as long as the temperatures does not mean dry air and it’s still cool inside, they can be acclimatized to being outdoors for overwintering.
As long as your climate doesn’t go below freezing frost, there is not much scientific proof or factual, written experience about sis kyun species as bond side, but that doesn’t make it worse, bonsai material, probably the opposite.
When you understand how and what this tree needs, you are making a personal breakthrough and just as all bonsai species, sometimes it’s a matter of trying different theories and strategies to be able to understand what new bonsai needs.
As always, it’s recommended to plant in a free draining soil on organic difficulty, medium. When you are doing bonsai, you are constantly learning all the time and you’re working with patience as a tool of yours, knowledge is one thing.
Experience is another, but those times when you are learning by doing is when you really grow as a bonsai enthusiast. Now it’s all up to you, and hopefully this is where your bonsai journey starts. My name is yuan and you have just been watching a new beginners guide to bonsai.
This is phones. I talk [ Music, ]